A characteristic feature of pseudoscience is the shifting of the burden of proof.
Instead of providing evidence to substantiate their claims, proponents of pseudoscience often challenge sceptics to disprove their assertions.
This is a reversal of the standard scientific practice, where the onus is on the claimant to provide evidence supporting their proposition.
This concept aligns with Hitchens's razor, an epistemological principle named after author and journalist Christopher Hitchens.
"What can be asserted without evidence can also be dismissed without evidence".
This principle emphasizes that the responsibility of providing proof lies with the person making the claim. If they fail to meet this burden, their claim can be dismissed without requiring any counterevidence.
Be extremely sceptical about glib advice especially when stated categorically and without any evidence such as “X diet will cure everything”.
Avoid zealots of any kind.
Look for people who have nuance, balance and even uncertainty.
If you like watching YouTube, here is a suggestion. I expressly trust Dr Gil CArvalho. He does great myth busting as well.
Nutrition Made Simple with Dr Gil Carvalho
Gil Carvalho, MD PhD is a physician, research scientist, science communicator, speaker and writer. Dr. Carvalho trained as a medical doctor in the University of Lisbon, in his native Portugal, and later obtained a PhD in Biology from Caltech (California Institute of Technology). He has published peer-reviewed medical research spanning the fields of genetics, molecular biology, nutrition, behaviour, ageing and neuroscience.
In parallel with his research career, Dr. Carvalho also has a passion for science communication. He directs and hosts Nutrition Made Simple, which aims to convey fundamental nutrition concepts to a general audience via educational videos. His content is watched by over half a million people monthly.
Gill does a lot of myth-busting as well. Go to Nutrition Made Simple